The ever-changing ENSO...we now consider El Nino Modoki for 2019. El Nino Modoki analog years are 1986, 1991, 1994, 2002, 2004 and 2009. During El Nino Modoki in JUL/AUG/SEP the U.S. Corn Belt is drier and France to Southwest Russia is dry. Warm phase Pacific decadal oscillation to strengthen! Implies an expansive dry/hot western North America upper ridge pattern. The 11th positive phase Indian Ocean Dipole (since 1960) has formed which usually brings a dry winter/early spring climate to Australia. The North Atlantic cool pool will be stronger than the model forecast likely to keep New England cool this summer season and Western Europe wet. Tropical cyclones approaching the Gulf of Mexico States or Southeast U.S. intensify as they move over very warm waters later this summer.