Weak La Nina Trying to Return

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06/17/2021, 12:27 pm EDT
A Look At The North Atlantic Basin SSTA And Trend
06/22/2021, 9:10 am EDT
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Suddenly, both the Nino34 and Nino3 (east-central/east equatorial Pacific Ocean) regions cool to the La Nina threshold of -0.5C last week. The cooler SSTA are linked to cooler upper ocean heat in the east-central Pacific last week.

Highlight: Nino34 SSTA shifts to weak La Nina SSTA.

Discussion: Suddenly, both the Nino34 and Nino3 (east-central/east equatorial Pacific Ocean) regions cool to the La Nina threshold of -0.5C last week (Fig. 1). The cooler SSTA are linked to cooler upper ocean heat in the east-central Pacific last week (Fig. 2). The NCEP CFS V2 forecast indicates La Nina returns by early autumn (Fig. 3). A redeveloping La Nina would propel anticipated above normal 2021 North Atlantic tropical cyclone activity higher than currently indicated.  The ENSO regime remains changeable and the short-term cooling may not indicate La Nina regeneration for later this year (yet).

Fig. 1: The Nino SSTA regions and their weekly anomalies for the past 12 weeks identify sudden weak La Nina characteristics for Nino34/Nino3 regions.

Fig. 2: The upper ocean heat suddenly diminishes in the east equatorial Pacific.

Fig. 3: NCEP CFS V2 forecasting La Nina to return in early autumn.