10/03/2018, 5:15 pm EDT

Evolution of El Nino Modoki (followed by conventional El Nino)

A tendency toward consolidation of anomalous warmth in both the surface and subsurface equatorial Pacific Ocean near and just east of the Dateline implies El Nino Modoki may be ahead for northern hemisphere winter 2018-19. Plentiful subsurface ocean warmth (also) indicates a conventional El Nino may evolve in 2019.