09/24/2023, 12:46 pm EDT

AG Market Sunday Report: VERY dynamic pattern across South America drying-out Brazil.

  Fig. 1-2: Zonal wind speed anomalies across South America for September (so far) and the 15-day 500 MB height forecast. Discussion: During September 2023 the jet stream axis across Argentina has averaged 25-45 mph stronger than normal (Fig. 1). The 15-day forecast maintains the rapid jet stream forecasting 100-160 knots across Argentina (Fig. 2). Meanwhile, just the opposite pattern counters that fast upper flow with titanic high pressure featuring much lighter than normal wind across Brazil. The dynamic forcing caused by the fast upper flow over Argentina with the amplified high-pressure ridge to the north causes extreme heat and mostly very dry climate in Brazil well into October. After a wet 4-6-week period during August into early September caused by the northeastward extension of the Amundsen Sea low pressure area from southwest of South America across Argentina, the pattern has changed dramatically. During the past week a much drier climate has emerged across much of Brazil and Argentina (Fig. 3). Soil moisture trend is reversing much drier of late for much of South America with exception of a wetter trend caused by rains from earlier spring in East-central/Southeast Brazil (Fig. 4). The very dynamic upper air pattern described leads to an extremely hot and dry 15-day forecast for Brazil (Fig. 5-6). The exception is wet risk in coastal Southeast Brazil although the mechanism to produce that rain is questionable and likely delayed until the 11-15-day period. The ECM Week 3-4 forecast maintains the dry and hot Brazil regime through most of October (Fig. 7-8). Fig. 3-4: Past 7 days percent of normal rainfall across South America and the daily soil moisture analysis by NOAA for South America with annotated September changes. Fig. 5-6: The GFS ENS bias correction temperature anomaly forecast across South America plus the GFS ENS MAXRES 15-day precipitation anomaly forecast. Fig. 7-8: The ECM week 3-4 ahead temperature and precipitation anomaly forecast across South America.  
08/13/2023, 7:16 pm EDT

AG Market Sunday Report: Searing heat to reach Midwest U.S.; Europe heat and dryness.

Fig. 1-3: The GFS ENS medium-range >95F/35C risk forecast and the CMC ENS 15-day AG BELT percent of normal rainfall forecast. Discussion: Late summer hot and dry risk is increasing across the Midwest/Mid-south U.S. and the southern/eastern tier of Europe. The latest GFS ENS medium-range forecast of >95F/35C risk (Fig. 1-2) extends into the Upper Midwest and across the entire Midwest/Mid-south U.S. (where >100F is likely). The forecast trend is hotter and more confident. The attendant rainfall forecast is mostly very dry except for the chance of some thunderstorm activity across the middle Great lakes to mid-Wisconsin (Fig. 3). In Europe, a dry projection through the next 15 days is made by ECM ENS as an upper ridge with a connection to North Africa anomalous heat rambles on (Fig. 4-5). The hot and dry weather extends to the Black Sea region and the Russia spring wheat zone. Fig. 4-5: The ECM ENS 15-day percent of normal rainfall forecast across Europe and Western Russia and the CMC ENS 15-day temperature anomaly forecast.